Multimedia support in the education of clinical and health care disciplines :: Portal of Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice Faculty of Medicine
Lekárska fakulta Univerzity Pavla Jozefa Šafárika v Košiciach
MEFANET Project (MEdical FAculties Educational NETwork)

Department of Pneumology and Phtiseology, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice, Faculty of Medicine, http://www.lf.upjs.sk/info/KTRCH/index.html

Sorted by: priority and last modification time
Go to page: 1 2

Total atelectasis of the right lung due to bronchogenic carcinoma

Total atelectasis of the right lung due to bronchogenic carcinoma

Despite the emerging developments in the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer in recent years, it is still the most lethal among all cancers. Atelectasis is a common condition with lung cancer. Central bronchogenic tumors often induce atelectasis due to endobronchial obstruction but less frequently due to compression of tumor or pleural effusion. The presented case describes case of a patient, who was repeatedly admitted to the Department of Pneumology and Phtiseology due to bronchogenic carcinoma with the future release of it´s complications including obstructive atelectasis of the right lung.

Are the case reports useful for you? Would you also require case reports from other clinical disciplines? Do you have any comments or suggestions for improvement? Please provide your feedback by filling out a short questionnaire.

 
author: Ivana Trojová | discipline: Oncology, Radiation Therapy, Respiratory Medicine | published on: 23.12.2017 | last modified on: 30.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Cardiac tamponade due to cardiac metastases

Cardiac tamponade due to cardiac metastases

Cardiac tamponade is a clinical syndrome caused by the accumulation of fluid or gas in the pericardial space, resulting in reduced ventricular filling and therefore decreased cardiac output (Figure 1). The condition is a medical emergency with resultant cardiogenic shock and death if not treated immediately. The presented case report describes a 63-year-old oncological patient who developed cardiac tamponade with the need of pericardiocentesis.

Are the case reports useful for you? Would you also require case reports from other clinical disciplines? Do you have any comments or suggestions for improvement? Please provide your feedback by filling out a short questionnaire.

 
author: Ivana Trojová | discipline: Cardiology, Angiology, Internal Medicine | published on: 4.12.2017 | last modified on: 30.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Pleuropneumonia

Pleuropneumonia

Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a serious public health concern and a major cause of mortality and morbidity. Despite advances in antimicrobial therapies, microbiological diagnostic tests and prevention measures, pneumonia remains the main cause of death from infectious disease in the world. An important reason for the increased global mortality is the impact of pneumonia on chronic diseases, along with the increasing age of the population and the virulence factors of the causative microorganism.
In 2013, the Global Burden of Disease Study based on data from 188 countries around the world, reported that lower respiratory tract infection was the second most common cause of death. In Europe, mortality rates for CAP vary widely from country to country, ranging from <1% to 48%.

Are the case reports useful for you? Would you also require case reports from other clinical disciplines? Do you have any comments or suggestions for improvement? Please provide your feedback by filling out a short questionnaire.

 
author: Ivana Paraničová | discipline: Internal Medicine, Respiratory Medicine | published on: 1.1.2018 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Obesity hypoventilation syndrome

Obesity hypoventilation syndrome

Obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) is defined as the combined presence of obesity (BMI > 30kg/m2) with awake arterial hypercapnia (pCO2 > 6.0 kPa / 45 mmHg) in the absence of other causes of hypoventilation. The exact prevalence of OHS in the general population remains unknown, and most prevalence data describe subjects with obstructive sleep apnoea, wherein its prevalence has been estimated to range from 10% to 38% in different groups. On the other hand, patients with OHS often suffer from sleep-related breathing disorders. Prevalence of obstructive sleep apnoea may reach up to 90-95% in OHS patients.

Are the case reports useful for you? Would you also require case reports from other clinical disciplines? Do you have any comments or suggestions for improvement? Please provide your feedback by filling out a short questionnaire.

 
author: Ivana Paraničová | discipline: Internal Medicine, Respiratory Medicine | published on: 22.12.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Home mechanical ventilation in a patient with Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Home mechanical ventilation in a patient with Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a hereditary progressive neuromuscular disorder that is inherited in X-linked recessive pattern. Mutation of dystrophin gene results into a loss of integrity and function of muscular fibres and their replacement by adipose and connective tissue. Muscle degeneration leads to motoric impairment and loss of walk around 12th year of age. Myocardium is also frequently affected. Respiratory muscles impairment and other complications lead to respiratory failure. If left untreated, death occurs around 20th year of life, usually due to cardiac or respiratory causes. Respiratory insufficiency development is treated by mechanical ventilation support.

Are the case reports useful for you? Would you also require case reports from other clinical disciplines? Do you have any comments or suggestions for improvement? Please provide your feedback by filling out a short questionnaire.

 
author: Ivana Paraničová | discipline: Internal Medicine, Neurology, Respiratory Medicine | published on: 23.12.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Morbus Crouzon and severe Obstructive Sleep Apnoea

Morbus Crouzon and severe Obstructive Sleep Apnoea

Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a highly prevalent sleep disorder that affects 2% of female and 4% of male population. The major risk factors for OSA is obesity. Less common causes of OSA may be various congenital craniofacial anomalies. The presented case report has introduced an adult male patient with Crouzon syndrome (CS), rare genetic disease leading to craniofacial deformities, who was referred to sleep laboratory with the suspicion of sleep disordered breathing.

Are the case reports useful for you? Would you also require case reports from other clinical disciplines? Do you have any comments or suggestions for improvement? Please provide your feedback by filling out a short questionnaire.

 
author: Ivana Trojová | discipline: Otorhinolaryngology, Respiratory Medicine | published on: 2.1.2018 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Newly diagnosed COPD - obstructive ventilatory impairment

Newly diagnosed COPD - obstructive ventilatory impairment

Presented case report documents an example of a patient with an accidentally diagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) based on clinical signs. Diagnosis was confirmed by a pneumologist using spirometry. A bronchodilation test was carried out to confirm the irreversibility of detected obstructive ventilatory impairment. The patient was given combined bronchodilator treatment with ß2-mimetics and anticholinergics to relieve symptoms, improve functional parameters and prevent subsequent exacerbations.

Are the case reports useful for you? Would you also require case reports from other clinical disciplines? Do you have any comments or suggestions for improvement? Please provide your feedback by filling out a short questionnaire.

 
author: Pavol Pobeha | discipline: Internal Medicine, Respiratory Medicine | published on: 17.12.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Obstructive sleep apnoea in extremely obese patient

Obstructive sleep apnoea in extremely obese patient

Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is characterized by repetitive episodes of interruption of breathing during sleep due to partial or complete collapse of pharynx. Prevalence of mild OSA is about 9-24%, clinically significant disease is present in about 4% men and 2% women. Morphology of upper airways and body weight are important factors for development of OSA. Approximately 70% of OSA patients are overweight and 40% obese patients suffer from OSA.

Are the case reports useful for you? Would you also require case reports from other clinical disciplines? Do you have any comments or suggestions for improvement? Please provide your feedback by filling out a short questionnaire.

 
author: Ivana Paraničová | discipline: Internal Medicine, Respiratory Medicine | published on: 19.12.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Chronic Respiratory Failure due to Kyphoscoliosis

Chronic Respiratory Failure due to Kyphoscoliosis

Kyphoscoliosis is a well-recognized cause of respiratory failure. Kyphoscoliosis is a chronic disease, occurring in 2-3% of the general population, which leads to a distorted spinal curvature and chest wall deformity. As a consequence, respiratory function is impaired due to reduced chest wall compliance and restrictive lung function pattern arises. The development of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has made it an accepted standard modality of care at the present time for patients with chronic respiratory failure caused by kyphoscoliosis. The presented case report describes a 49-year-old female with idiopathic kyphoscoliosis who developed chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure with the need of noninvasive ventilatory support.

Are the case reports useful for you? Would you also require case reports from other clinical disciplines? Do you have any comments or suggestions for improvement? Please provide your feedback by filling out a short questionnaire.

 
author: Ivana Trojová | discipline: Internal Medicine, Respiratory Medicine, Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | published on: 8.12.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Multiple lung abscesses

Multiple lung abscesses

Lung abscesses are caused due to microbial infection when an area of infected lung becomes necrotic, which results in the development of a cavity containing pus or necrotic debris within the lung itself (Figure 1). In contrast to pleural infection, the incidence and mortality rate of lung abscesses have steadily declined since antibiotic era. The case report presents a 43-year-old patient with multiple lung abscesses.

Are the case reports useful for you? Would you also require case reports from other clinical disciplines? Do you have any comments or suggestions for improvement? Please provide your feedback by filling out a short questionnaire.

 
author: Ivana Trojová | discipline: Internal Medicine, Respiratory Medicine | published on: 1.12.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License
Go to page: 1 2