The presentations are a set of lectures intended for students of the 3rd year of general medicine. The individual lectures are correlated with the current syllabus of the subject Internal Medicine - Propedeutics in the winter term of the thrid year of study. Basic clinical nomenclature, evaluation of anamnestic data and physical examination in internal medicine. Evaluation of basic auxiliary examination methods.
Introduction to clinical medicine. History taking. Inspection – part I. General inspection, consciousness, position, shape and size, skin inspection. Inspection – part II. Special inspection. Palpation – the head, neck, chest (lungs and heart), abdomen, physical examination of ascites. Palpation of the peripheral vessels, Examination of the pulse. Main symptoms in the diseases of the GIT (liver, gallbladder, pancreas) and diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract. Percusion of the lungs, heart and abdomen – physiology and pathology. Auscultation of the lungs – physiological and pathological findings. Main symptoms in most frequent diseases (bronchitis, asthma, pneumothorax, pneumonia and pleuritis. Auscultation of the heart. Heart sounds and murmurs. Physical findings in the most frequent heart diseases (inspection, palpation, auscultation). Principles of clinical electrocardiography - normal ECG, pathologic changes, myocardial hypertrophy, electrolyte disturbances. ECG – coronary heart disease, acute myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, pulmonary heart disease, myocarditis, pericarditis. ECG – arrhythmias. Basic principles of X-ray in Internal Medicine. X-rey of the cest – patological findings.
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citation: Zbynek Schroner: Internal medicine - Propedeutics - lectures for students of General Medicine. Multimedia support in the education of clinical and health care disciplines :: Portal of Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice Faculty of Medicine [online] , [cit. 30. 11. 2023]. Available from WWW: https://portal.lf.upjs.sk/articles.php?aid=514. ISSN 1337-7000.