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Lekárska fakulta Univerzity Pavla Jozefa Šafárika v Košiciach
MEFANET Project (MEdical FAculties Educational NETwork)

MUDr. Ivana Trojová, PhD., ivana.trojova(at)upjs.sk

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Total atelectasis of the right lung due to bronchogenic carcinoma

Total atelectasis of the right lung due to bronchogenic carcinoma

Despite the emerging developments in the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer in recent years, it is still the most lethal among all cancers. Atelectasis is a common condition with lung cancer. Central bronchogenic tumors often induce atelectasis due to endobronchial obstruction but less frequently due to compression of tumor or pleural effusion. The presented case describes case of a patient, who was repeatedly admitted to the Department of Pneumology and Phtiseology due to bronchogenic carcinoma with the future release of it´s complications including obstructive atelectasis of the right lung.

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author: Ivana Trojová | discipline: Oncology, Radiation Therapy, Respiratory Medicine | published on: 23.12.2017 | last modified on: 30.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Cardiac tamponade due to cardiac metastases

Cardiac tamponade due to cardiac metastases

Cardiac tamponade is a clinical syndrome caused by the accumulation of fluid or gas in the pericardial space, resulting in reduced ventricular filling and therefore decreased cardiac output (Figure 1). The condition is a medical emergency with resultant cardiogenic shock and death if not treated immediately. The presented case report describes a 63-year-old oncological patient who developed cardiac tamponade with the need of pericardiocentesis.

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author: Ivana Trojová | discipline: Cardiology, Angiology, Internal Medicine | published on: 4.12.2017 | last modified on: 30.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Morbus Crouzon and severe Obstructive Sleep Apnoea

Morbus Crouzon and severe Obstructive Sleep Apnoea

Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a highly prevalent sleep disorder that affects 2% of female and 4% of male population. The major risk factors for OSA is obesity. Less common causes of OSA may be various congenital craniofacial anomalies. The presented case report has introduced an adult male patient with Crouzon syndrome (CS), rare genetic disease leading to craniofacial deformities, who was referred to sleep laboratory with the suspicion of sleep disordered breathing.

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author: Ivana Trojová | discipline: Otorhinolaryngology, Respiratory Medicine | published on: 2.1.2018 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Chronic Respiratory Failure due to Kyphoscoliosis

Chronic Respiratory Failure due to Kyphoscoliosis

Kyphoscoliosis is a well-recognized cause of respiratory failure. Kyphoscoliosis is a chronic disease, occurring in 2-3% of the general population, which leads to a distorted spinal curvature and chest wall deformity. As a consequence, respiratory function is impaired due to reduced chest wall compliance and restrictive lung function pattern arises. The development of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has made it an accepted standard modality of care at the present time for patients with chronic respiratory failure caused by kyphoscoliosis. The presented case report describes a 49-year-old female with idiopathic kyphoscoliosis who developed chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure with the need of noninvasive ventilatory support.

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author: Ivana Trojová | discipline: Internal Medicine, Respiratory Medicine, Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | published on: 8.12.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Multiple lung abscesses

Multiple lung abscesses

Lung abscesses are caused due to microbial infection when an area of infected lung becomes necrotic, which results in the development of a cavity containing pus or necrotic debris within the lung itself (Figure 1). In contrast to pleural infection, the incidence and mortality rate of lung abscesses have steadily declined since antibiotic era. The case report presents a 43-year-old patient with multiple lung abscesses.

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author: Ivana Trojová | discipline: Internal Medicine, Respiratory Medicine | published on: 1.12.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License