Multimedia support in the education of clinical and health care disciplines :: Portal of Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice Faculty of Medicine
Lekárska fakulta Univerzity Pavla Jozefa Šafárika v Košiciach
MEFANET Project (MEdical FAculties Educational NETwork)

MUDr. Ivana Paraničová, ivana.paranicova(at)upjs.sk

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Pleuropneumonia

Pleuropneumonia

Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a serious public health concern and a major cause of mortality and morbidity. Despite advances in antimicrobial therapies, microbiological diagnostic tests and prevention measures, pneumonia remains the main cause of death from infectious disease in the world. An important reason for the increased global mortality is the impact of pneumonia on chronic diseases, along with the increasing age of the population and the virulence factors of the causative microorganism.
In 2013, the Global Burden of Disease Study based on data from 188 countries around the world, reported that lower respiratory tract infection was the second most common cause of death. In Europe, mortality rates for CAP vary widely from country to country, ranging from <1% to 48%.

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author: Ivana Paraničová | discipline: Internal Medicine, Respiratory Medicine | published on: 1.1.2018 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Obesity hypoventilation syndrome

Obesity hypoventilation syndrome

Obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) is defined as the combined presence of obesity (BMI > 30kg/m2) with awake arterial hypercapnia (pCO2 > 6.0 kPa / 45 mmHg) in the absence of other causes of hypoventilation. The exact prevalence of OHS in the general population remains unknown, and most prevalence data describe subjects with obstructive sleep apnoea, wherein its prevalence has been estimated to range from 10% to 38% in different groups. On the other hand, patients with OHS often suffer from sleep-related breathing disorders. Prevalence of obstructive sleep apnoea may reach up to 90-95% in OHS patients.

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author: Ivana Paraničová | discipline: Internal Medicine, Respiratory Medicine | published on: 22.12.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Home mechanical ventilation in a patient with Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Home mechanical ventilation in a patient with Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a hereditary progressive neuromuscular disorder that is inherited in X-linked recessive pattern. Mutation of dystrophin gene results into a loss of integrity and function of muscular fibres and their replacement by adipose and connective tissue. Muscle degeneration leads to motoric impairment and loss of walk around 12th year of age. Myocardium is also frequently affected. Respiratory muscles impairment and other complications lead to respiratory failure. If left untreated, death occurs around 20th year of life, usually due to cardiac or respiratory causes. Respiratory insufficiency development is treated by mechanical ventilation support.

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author: Ivana Paraničová | discipline: Internal Medicine, Neurology, Respiratory Medicine | published on: 23.12.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Obstructive sleep apnoea in extremely obese patient

Obstructive sleep apnoea in extremely obese patient

Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is characterized by repetitive episodes of interruption of breathing during sleep due to partial or complete collapse of pharynx. Prevalence of mild OSA is about 9-24%, clinically significant disease is present in about 4% men and 2% women. Morphology of upper airways and body weight are important factors for development of OSA. Approximately 70% of OSA patients are overweight and 40% obese patients suffer from OSA.

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author: Ivana Paraničová | discipline: Internal Medicine, Respiratory Medicine | published on: 19.12.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License