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SEARCHED IN TITLES: number of found contributions: 7

Cardiac disease

Cardiac disease

Short presentation about congenital heart diseases, fetal circulation, transitorial, neonatal, normal pediatric circulation. Symptoms of congenital heart diseases are persistent unexplained central cyanosis or desaturation – even if mild initially, desaturation or cyanosis that does not improve with oxygen or ventilation, a significant persistent difference in upper and lower limb saturations, congestive heart failure (newborn, infants),cyanosis, cardiomegaly, poor growth, arrythmias, murmurs, respiratory syndrome, bronchitis. This short presentation also includes diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart diseases.

 
author: Ingrid Schusterová | section: Lectures | discipline: Paediatrics, Neonatology | published on: 14.6.2018 | last modified on: 14.6.2018 | Creative Commons License

chronic Respiratory Failure due to Kyphoscoliosis

Chronic Respiratory Failure due to Kyphoscoliosis

Kyphoscoliosis is a well-recognized cause of respiratory failure. Kyphoscoliosis is a chronic disease, occurring in 2-3% of the general population, which leads to a distorted spinal curvature and chest wall deformity. As a consequence, respiratory function is impaired due to reduced chest wall compliance and restrictive lung function pattern arises. The development of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has made it an accepted standard modality of care at the present time for patients with chronic respiratory failure caused by kyphoscoliosis. The presented case report describes a 49-year-old female with idiopathic kyphoscoliosis who developed chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure with the need of noninvasive ventilatory support.

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author: Ivana Trojová | discipline: Internal Medicine, Respiratory Medicine, Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | published on: 8.12.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Acute and chronic heart failure in children

Acute and chronic heart failure in children

The work present actual view of acute and chronic heart failure in children. It is devoted to incidence, symptoms, diagnostics and managment of this disease mainly for student of fith and sixth year of general medicine, but can be suitable for nurses, postgradual physicians as well. The main part of the work consists in diagnostis procedure and disesaseś managment.

 
author: Juraj Hedvig | section: Lectures | discipline: Paediatrics, Neonatology | published on: 28.2.2017 | last modified on: 28.2.2017 | Creative Commons License

Newly diagnosed COPD - obstructive ventilatory impairment

Newly diagnosed COPD - obstructive ventilatory impairment

Presented case report documents an example of a patient with an accidentally diagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) based on clinical signs. Diagnosis was confirmed by a pneumologist using spirometry. A bronchodilation test was carried out to confirm the irreversibility of detected obstructive ventilatory impairment. The patient was given combined bronchodilator treatment with ß2-mimetics and anticholinergics to relieve symptoms, improve functional parameters and prevent subsequent exacerbations.

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author: Pavol Pobeha | discipline: Internal Medicine, Respiratory Medicine | published on: 17.12.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

obstructive sleep apnoea in extremely obese patient

Obstructive sleep apnoea in extremely obese patient

Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is characterized by repetitive episodes of interruption of breathing during sleep due to partial or complete collapse of pharynx. Prevalence of mild OSA is about 9-24%, clinically significant disease is present in about 4% men and 2% women. Morphology of upper airways and body weight are important factors for development of OSA. Approximately 70% of OSA patients are overweight and 40% obese patients suffer from OSA.

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author: Ivana Paraničová | discipline: Internal Medicine, Respiratory Medicine | published on: 19.12.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Morbus Crouzon and severe obstructive Sleep Apnoea

Morbus Crouzon and severe Obstructive Sleep Apnoea

Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a highly prevalent sleep disorder that affects 2% of female and 4% of male population. The major risk factors for OSA is obesity. Less common causes of OSA may be various congenital craniofacial anomalies. The presented case report has introduced an adult male patient with Crouzon syndrome (CS), rare genetic disease leading to craniofacial deformities, who was referred to sleep laboratory with the suspicion of sleep disordered breathing.

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author: Ivana Trojová | discipline: Otorhinolaryngology, Respiratory Medicine | published on: 2.1.2018 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Mitral valve reconstruction because of Barlow's disease with mitral insufficiency, perioperative SAM (systolic anterior motion)

Mitral valve reconstruction because of Barlow's disease with mitral insufficiency, perioperative SAM (systolic anterior motion)

The case report describes the hospitalization of a 26 year old male with M. Barlow. The mitral valvuloplasty was performed. However, the peroperative ultrasonographic finding documented prolapse of the anterior cusp of the mitral valve into the outflow tract of left ventricle. The surgery was supplemented with a suture of the A2-PA segments of mitral valve. The subsequent finding was satisfactory. No more serious postoperative complications were noted. The patient was admitted to outpatient care on the eighth postoperative day.

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author: Tomáš Toporcer | discipline: Cardiology, Angiology, Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | published on: 22.11.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License




SEARCHED IN CONTRIBUTION FULLTEXT: number of found contributions: 24

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Obesity hypoventilation syndrome
.. (pCO2 > 6.0 kPa / 45 mmHg) in the absence of other causes of hypoventilation. The exact prevalence.. .. and most prevalence data describe subjects with obstructive sleep apnoea, wherein its prevalence has been.. .. poor sleep quality, morning headaches, other symptoms are overlapping with obstructive sleep.. .. exertional breathlessness. Personal history: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, obesity.. .. breathlessness. Personal history: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, obesity hypoventilation.. .. history: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, obesity hypoventilation syndrome,.. .. and was admitted to deparment of respiratory diseases. He reported fragmented sleep with 4-5.. ..keywords: hypoventilation BMI: 40 and more, J96.11 Chronic respiratory failure type II - hypercapnic,.. ..keywords: failure type II - hypercapnic, G47.31 Obstructive sleep..

Home mechanical ventilation in a patient with Duchenne muscular dystrophy
.. affected. Respiratory muscles impairment and other complications lead to respiratory failure. If.. .. muscular dystrophy Severe levokyphoscoliosis Chronic respiratory failure Moderate obstructive sleep.. .. (Figure 2) Polygraphy: moderate obstructive sleep apnoea with apnoea-hypopnoea index 19.7.. .. of illness includes progressive worsening of pulmonary functions and development of respiratory.. .. disease: 20-year old student with DMD was examined in.. ..keywords: Muscular dystrophy, J96.11 Chronic respiratory failure type II - hypercapnic,.. ..keywords: failure type II - hypercapnic, G47.31 Obstructive sleep..

Autoimmune hepatitis
.. Diagnosis is challenging, in general, all other possible causes of chronic hepatitis should be.. .. hepatitis is chronic hepatitis associated with.. .. common is type 1, which is often associated with other autoimmune diseases, and about 25% of patients.. .. diagnosis: - Autoimmune hepatitis - Chronic hepatitis B - Chronic hepatitis.. .. hydroureteronephrosis l.sin. CT angiography of pulmonary artery: Drop in contrast medium in nearly all.. .. temperature, was not in contact with infectious disease, alcohol consumption only..

Total atelectasis of the right lung due to bronchogenic carcinoma
.. you? Would you also require case reports from other clinical disciplines? Do you have any comments.. .. release of it´s complications including obstructive atelectasis of the right lung. Are the case.. .. are relatively healthy, a combination of chemotherapy or chemotherapy and radiation therapy is.. .. history: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease GOLD C (III)... .. history: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease GOLD C (III). Arterial.. .. history: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease GOLD C (III). Arterial hypertension... .. history: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease GOLD C (III). Arterial hypertension. Ischemic..

Diseases of pancreas, gastrointestinal manifestation of cystic fibrosis
.. pancreas in childhood. Main topics are acute and chronic pancreatitis, congenital anomalies of the.. .. presentation provides an overview of diseases of pancreas in childhood. Main topics are acute.. .. presents problems related with diseases of pancreas and gastrointestinal manifestation.. ..keywords: pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis, congenital anomalies of the.. .. [?] Clinically sensitive [?] Licence Diseases of pancreas, gastrointestinal manifestation of..

Parainfectious myocarditis
.. you? Would you also require case reports from other clinical disciplines? Do you have any comments.. .. athletes. Some forms of myocarditis may lead to chronic low-grade myocarditis or dilated cardiomyopathy... .. an influenza-like illness. In most patients, the disease is self-limiting and the immediate prognosis is.. .. dissection - Pulmonary.. .. patient without any internal diseases, with ongoing respiratory infection in ATB..

Aortocoronary bypass
.. you? Would you also require case reports from other clinical disciplines? Do you have any comments.. .. to our department for documented ischemic heart disease with affection of three coronary arteries. The.. .. degree ESH/ESC VKVR Diabetes mellitus I with chronic complications Gastroesophageal.. .. tricuspid insufficiency - grade I, no signs of pulmonary hypertension, no pericardial effusion. SCG:.. .. cummulation of risk factors for coronary artery disease (IHS), ambulatory cardiologist has performed.. ..keywords: heart disease, aortocoronary..

Mycobacteriaceae
.. of the world, with millions of deaths annually. Other Mycobacterium species can cause a variety of.. .. exceptions, they do not appear in parasitic or disease associations. This genus also includes..

Pleuropneumonia
.. you? Would you also require case reports from other clinical disciplines? Do you have any comments.. .. global mortality is the impact of pneumonia on chronic diseases, along with the increasing age of the.. .. remains the main cause of death from infectious disease in the world. An important reason for the.. .. markers: CRP 144.63 ml/L, PCT 4.580 ug/L Other laboratory findings: Alb 34.6 g/L, Total.. .. Personal history and medication: no previous chronic disease, no long-term medication Habits: no.. .. infiltrates in lower and partially middle right pulmonary lobe, cranially limited by horizontal fissure,.. .. disease: 48-year old patient was referred to Department..

Management of pilonidal sinus
.. you? Would you also require case reports from other clinical disciplines? Do you have any comments.. .. more fistulas with openings far away from each other, surgeon decided about more radical surgery in.. .. old man was referred to the surgery due to chronic pain between the buttocks , and secernation of.. .. pit as the underlying cause of the pilonidal disease was necessary as soon as the oedema.. .. member Figure 2 - Excision of the diseased tissue down to the sacral..