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Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics

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Anatomy of upper and lower extremity from orthopaedic view

Anatomy of upper and lower extremity from orthopaedic view

This contribution offers lecture notes with complementary illustrative pictures for students of general medicine. These lectures should be used as supplementary education material in the study subject Anatomy. The lectures include topics related to the anatomy of upper extremity and anatomy of lower extremity from orthopaedic view.

 
author: Marek Lacko, Rastislav Šepitka | discipline: Anatomy, Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | published on: 14.1.2019 | last modified on: 14.1.2019 | Creative Commons License

Lectures for study subject Surgery 4/5 – Orthopaedics

Lectures for study subject Surgery 4/5 – Orthopaedics

Lectures for students of general medicine as supplementary education material specifying basic orthopedic topics in the study subject Surgery. The lectures include Avascular bone necrosis; Congenital musculoskeletal deformities, Deformities of spine, Diseases of muscles and tendons, Infection of musculoskeletal system, Limb length discrepancy, Metabolic bone diseases, Neuromuscular disorders, Orthopedics – definition, Osteoarthritis, Static deformities of foot, Tissue engineering in orthopaedics and Tumors.

 
author: Marek Lacko | discipline: Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | published on: 7.11.2018 | last modified on: 7.11.2018 | Creative Commons License

Management of breast cancer

Management of breast cancer

Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed life-threatening cancer in women and the leading cause of cancer death among them worldwide. It includes a heterogeneous collection of diseases with various histologically defined subsets, clinical presentations, responses to treatment and outcomes. We describe a case of female patient with ductal breast carcinoma.

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author: Martina Vidová Uğurbaş, Lucia Sukovská Lakyová | discipline: Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | published on: 19.11.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Appendicitis acuta and Meckel diverticulum

Appendicitis acuta  and Meckel diverticulum

Appendicitis is one of the most common reasons for surgery and emergency hospitalization due to acute abdominal pain. Accurate diagnosis of acute appendicitis and subsequent indication for surgery can prevent complications. Conversely, the surgeon´s decision to operate with the aim of avoiding the complications of a late surgical intervention in positive appendicitis cases leads to negative appendectomy in 10,5% of the cases.

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author: Martina Vidová Uğurbaş, Lucia Sukovská Lakyová | discipline: Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | published on: 13.11.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Acute abdomen - gallstone ileus

Acute abdomen - gallstone ileus

Gallstone ileus is an uncommon entity, which accounts for 1–4% of all presentations to hospital with small bowel obstruction and for up to 25% of all cases in patients over 65 years of age. Despite medical advances, gallstone ileus is still associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. The management of gallstone ileus remains controversial. The clinical signs and symptoms of gallstone ileus are usually non-specific, contributing to a delay in diagnosis. We present our case admitted to the hospital with gallstone ileus.

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author: Martina Vidová Uğurbaş, Lucia Sukovská Lakyová | discipline: Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | published on: 28.10.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Journey of a swallowed wooden stick to the liver

Journey of a swallowed  wooden stick to the liver

Hepatic abscess due to perforation of the gastrointestinal tract caused by ingested foreign bodies is a rare complication. Pre-operative diagnosis is difficult because of negative anamnesis of the accident and symptoms are usually non-specific. Problems can occur after months or even years after incident. CT is the most suitable imaging method for diagnostic.
The authors report a case of 57 year old man who was admitted with liver abscess, who underwent surgery mid-year after swallowing of wooden stick.

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author: Martina Vidová Uğurbaş, Lucia Sukovská Lakyová | discipline: Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | published on: 28.10.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Management of pilonidal sinus

Management of pilonidal sinus

A pilonidal sinus is a sinus track which commonly contains hair. It occurs under the skin between the buttocks at a short distance above the anus. Most cases occur in young male adults. The most commonly used therapy is surgery including incisions, marsupialization, primary midline closure and skin flaps. We present two cases treated with different surgical techniques.

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author: Martina Vidová Uğurbaş, Lucia Sukovská Lakyová | discipline: Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | published on: 27.10.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Chronic Respiratory Failure due to Kyphoscoliosis

Chronic Respiratory Failure due to Kyphoscoliosis

Kyphoscoliosis is a well-recognized cause of respiratory failure. Kyphoscoliosis is a chronic disease, occurring in 2-3% of the general population, which leads to a distorted spinal curvature and chest wall deformity. As a consequence, respiratory function is impaired due to reduced chest wall compliance and restrictive lung function pattern arises. The development of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has made it an accepted standard modality of care at the present time for patients with chronic respiratory failure caused by kyphoscoliosis. The presented case report describes a 49-year-old female with idiopathic kyphoscoliosis who developed chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure with the need of noninvasive ventilatory support.

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author: Ivana Trojová | discipline: Internal Medicine, Respiratory Medicine, Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | published on: 8.12.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Ascending aorta replacement and repair of aortic valve because of ascending aorta aneurysm and bicuspid aortic valve with regurgitation

Ascending aorta replacement and repair of aortic valve because of ascending aorta aneurysm and bicuspid aortic valve with regurgitation

The case report describes the hospitalization of a patient with an ascending aortic aneurysm and a bicuspidal aortic valve. Valvular surgery with an annular annuloplasty ring implant was performed. At the same time, replacement of the ascending aorta was performed. There were no more serious complications in the postoperative period and the patient was released to outpatient care on the eighth postoperative day.

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author: Tomáš Toporcer | discipline: Cardiology, Angiology, Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | published on: 22.11.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Mitral valve replacement and MAZE procedure because of mitral valve stenosis and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

Mitral valve replacement and MAZE procedure because of mitral valve stenosis and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

The case report describes the hospitalization of a 63-year-old patient admitted to the Department of heart surgery for mitral valve stenosis with diagnosed atrial fibrillation. The patient underwent mitral valve replacement and MAZE procedure. At the postoperative period, paroxysm of atrial fibrillation was successfully detected with a successful version. On the tenth postoperative day, the patient was placed in outpatient care.

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author: Tomáš Toporcer | discipline: Cardiology, Angiology, Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | published on: 22.11.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License
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