Multimedia support in the education of clinical and health care disciplines :: Portal of Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice Faculty of Medicine
Lekárska fakulta Univerzity Pavla Jozefa Šafárika v Košiciach
MEFANET Project (MEdical FAculties Educational NETwork)

MUDr. Katarína Demková, katarina.demkova(at)upjs.sk

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Aortic dissection

Aortic dissection

A breach in the integrity of the aortic wall allows arterial blood to enter the media, which is then split into two layers, creating a “false lumen“ alongside the existing or “true lumen“. The primary event is often a spontaneous or iatrogenic tear in the intima of the aorta. Disease of the aorta and hypertension are the most important aetiological factors. The aortic dissection is a relatively rare condition, but it may rupture and have fatal consequences. The case report describes a dissection of the descending aorta in a 55-year-old patient.

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author: Katarína Demková, Jana Grofčíková | discipline: Cardiology, Angiology, Internal Medicine | published on: 1.1.2018 | last modified on: 30.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Autoimmune hepatitis

Autoimmune hepatitis

Autoimmune hepatitis is chronic hepatitis associated with hypergammaglobulinaemia and the presence of circulating autoantibodies. In most cases it responds favorably to immunosuppressive therapy. Diagnosis is challenging, in general, all other possible causes of chronic hepatitis should be excluded. The case report describes a case of type 1 autoimmune hepatitis in a 69-year-old patient.

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author: Katarína Demková | discipline: Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Internal Medicine | published on: 2.1.2018 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Systemic lupus erythematosus with multiple organ complications

Systemic lupus erythematosus with multiple organ complications

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease, mostly with a chronic course, that can affect almost all important organs, most commonly skin, joints, heart and vessels, kidneys, central nervous system and lungs. The disease is characterized by B-lymphocyte hyperactivity, which leads to the formation of autoantibodies predominantly directed against non-specific antigens. This case study describes a case of SLE with multiple organ complications in a 29-year-old female patient.

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author: Katarína Demková | discipline: Internal Medicine, Rheumatology | published on: 2.1.2018 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License

Parainfectious myocarditis

Parainfectious myocarditis

Myocarditis is an acute inflammatory condition that can have an infectious, toxic or autoimmune aetiology. Myocarditis can complicate many infections in which inflammation may be due directly to infection of the myocardium or the effects of circulating toxins. The clinical picture ranges from a symptomless disorder, sometimes recognised by the presence of an inappropriate tachycardia or abnormal ECG, to fulminant heart failure. Myocarditis may be heralded by an influenza-like illness. In most patients, the disease is self-limiting and the immediate prognosis is excellent. However, death may occur due to a ventricular arrhythmia or rapidly progressive heart failure. Myocarditis has been reported as a cause of sudden and unexpected death in young athletes. Some forms of myocarditis may lead to chronic low-grade myocarditis or dilated cardiomyopathy. The case report describes a case of parainfectious myocarditis in a 20-year-old patient.

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author: Katarína Demková | discipline: Cardiology, Angiology, Internal Medicine | published on: 2.1.2018 | last modified on: 16.4.2018 | Creative Commons License