Internal Medicine 4 [IK/IM-G4/19]

Internal medicine 4 - lectures for students of General Medicine

Author: Zbynek Schroner

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Toxicology I - diagnostic and therapeutic approaches in acute and chronic poisonings, mushroons, drugs, toxicomania.Toxicology II - poisoning by organic compounds (ethanol and methanol, chlorinated hydrocarbons, organophosphates) and inorganic compounds (heavy metals, CO). Professional diseases of the respiratory system -pneumoconiosis, professional asthma, professional rhinitis, hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Damage to the body from physical causes - vibration, prolonged excessive unilateral load, noise, electromagnetic radiation. Geriatrics - the most common diseases in the elderly, specifics of treatment, preoperative preparation of elderly patients. Geriatric cardiology and cardiac geriatrics.Clinical geriatrics.

Acid-based balance

Author: Ivana Valočiková

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Lecture for 5- year subject Internal Medicine 4. Basic knowledge of disorders of the internal environment, their cause, diagnosis and principles of treatment of metabolic and respiratory acidosis and alkalosis. Metabolic processes ► acid/base ACIDS from carbohydrates and fat metabolism (15-20 000 mmol of CO2 daily) CO2 + H2O ►H2CO3 ►(carbonic anhydrase) H + HCO3 H + Hb in RBC ►released with oxygenation in the alveoli ►reversed reaction – H2O + CO2 – exhaled in each breath.